A computer-generated image from Marshall’s Meteoroid Environments Office shows the view from Acidia Planetia on Mars, which was the site of fictional astronaut Mark Watney’s home base in the film “The Martian.” Image courtesy NASA/MSFC. For a larger version of this image please go here.
In spite of the fact that the Martian territory echoes our very own few elements planet, the climate is very extraordinary: thin, cool, dusty and regularly stormy. Watching these conditions and adjusting our innovations to flourish in them is basic to some time or another living and dealing with the Red Planet. Marshall Space Flight Center’s researchers and designers have a few apparatuses to set up our hardware – and sometime in the future, our team – for the trip.
The Mars Global Reference Atmospheric Model is a Marshall-created and kept up model of the Martian air.
Mars-GRAM is broadly utilized for assorted mission and building applications, for example, lander frameworks outline, execution investigation, and operations getting ready for aerobraking, section, drop and landing. Mars-GRAM yields incorporate thickness, temperature, weight, winds, and chose barometrical constituents – readings key to effective operations.
For instance, engineers used Mars-GRAM to distinguish, portray, and evaluate ecological dangers to the arrival and surface operations of Mars Science Laboratory (Curiosity meanderer), supporting in the arrival site choice process.
Marshall researchers and designers likewise watch and screen the Martian neighborhood for enormous activity -, for example, a passing comet – that may debilitate circling instruments. In 2014, the Meteoroid Environment Office framed the Comet Siding Spring Local Working Group to screen the heavenly body’s nearby approach (it go inside roughly 84,000 miles of Mars on Oct. 19).
Preceding the comet’s nearest way to deal with Mars, orbital moves were finished to move the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Odyssey orbiter and Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN shuttle to a “base hazard” range behind Mars and far from quick moving cometary tidy.
MRO and Odyssey checked the air of Mars and MAVEN observed Mars’ upper climate some time recently, amid and after the comet’s approach, transforming the conceivably unsafe experience into a science opportunity.