New Delhi   Sept 24, 2014

India’s Mars Orbiter Mission on Wednesday successfully entered orbit around the Red Planet on in its first attempt, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced.
“India has successfully reached Mars. Congratulations to all, to the entire country… history has been created today,” Modi said from the Indian Space Research Organisation’s mission control in south India from where the mission was televised live nationwide.
The success of the mission after its 10-month journey was touted by Modi as a showcase for the country’s home-grown and low-cost space technology.
“I have said it in the past too, the amount our scientists have spent on this mission is even less than what they spend in making Hollywood movies,” he said in his televised addressed to the mission scientists.
At just $74 million, the mission less than the estimated $100 million budget of the sci-fi blockbuster “Gravity”.
India’s successful mission to the Red Planet sees it join an elite club that includes United States, Russia and Europe.
The mission plans to study the planet’s surface and scan its atmosphere for methane, which could provide evidence of some sort of life form.
The probe is expected to circle Mars for six months, about 500 kilometres (310 miles) from its surface. Its scientific instruments will collect data and send it back to Earth.
“We have prevailed, not everyone gets success in their missions… we got it in our very first attempt. ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) put out this spacecraft in a record time of only three years, every Indian is proud of you,” Modi said.
Experts say the mission’s main aim is to showcase India’s budget space technology and hopefully snatch a bigger share of the $300-billion global space market.
The mission cost just a fraction of NASA’s MAVEN spacecraft which successfully began orbiting the fourth planet from the sun on Sunday.
India has so far launched 40 satellites for foreign nations, since kickstarting its space programme five decades ago. But China launches bigger satellites.
Critics of the programme say a country that struggles to feed its people adequately and where roughly half have no toilets should not be splurging on space travel.